One-point linear perspective


One-point linear perspective
   A mathematical method thought to have been devised by Filippo Brunelleschi and used to render convincing three-dimensional spaces on two-dimensional surfaces. In this method, all orthogonal lines converge at a single vanishing point placed on the horizon line. According to Antonio Manetti, Brunelleschi's biographer, the architect demonstrated the method by using it to paint the Baptistery of Florence. He drilled a hole in the center of his composition so the real building could be seen through it. Placing a mirror in front of the viewer who peeked through the peephole to reflect his painting and then removing it to reveal the Baptistery, Brunelleschi was able to prove that his rendering was indistinguishable from the actual building. The first to introduce one-point linear perspective to painting was Masaccio in works such as the Holy Trinity (1427) at Santa Maria Novella, Florence. Donatello was the first to use it in relief sculpture, with the panels he executed for the altar of San Antonio, Padua (1444-1449), serving as some of his best examples. Until 1435, the method was only spread by word of mouth. In that year Leon Battista Alberti's treatise on painting, which includes discussion on one-point linear perspective, was published, allowing for its wider dissemination.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • linear perspective — a mathematical system for representing three dimensional objects and space on a two dimensional surface by means of intersecting lines that are drawn vertically and horizontally and that radiate from one point (one point perspective), two points… …   Universalium

  • one-point perspective —    A form of linear perspective in which all lines (describing straight edges that go from points nearer to points farther) appear to meet at a single point on the horizon. Also see depth and two point perspective …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • one-point perspective — noun : parallel perspective * * * /wun poynt /. See under linear perspective …   Useful english dictionary

  • one-point perspective — /wun poynt /. See under linear perspective. * * * …   Universalium

  • linear perspective — noun the appearance of things relative to one another as determined by their distance from the viewer • Syn: ↑perspective • Hypernyms: ↑appearance, ↑visual aspect • Part Meronyms: ↑vanishing point, ↑horizon, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Perspective —    See Atmospheric perspective; One point linear perspective …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

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  • perspective — [pər spek′tiv] adj. [ME < LL perspectivus < L perspicere, to look through < per, through + specere, to look: see SPY] 1. of perspective 2. drawn in perspective n. [ME perspectif < ML (ars) perspectiva, perspective (art)] 1. the art of …   English World dictionary

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